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Pilot projects and agroenvironmental measures in northwest Mato Grosso, Brazil : impacts and lessons for REDD+ policy "mixes"

by Davenport, Robert B; CATIE, Turrialba (Costa Rica). Escuela de Posgrado.
Type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Turrialba (Costa Rica) : CATIE , 2013Description: páginas 63-93 : 1 ilustración, 8 tablas ; 21.59 x 27.94 cm +.Subject(s): DEFORESTACION | PROYECTOS DE DESARROLLO | POLITICA AMBIENTAL | REDD | BRASIL | AMAZONIA BRASILEÑA | BOSQUES | UTILIZACION DE LA TIERRA | DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE | CONSERVACIONOnline Resources: Texto completo (Es) Summary: This case study, located within the Brazilian Amazon “Arc of Deforestation” examines the effectiveness of a sequence of Integrated Development and Conservation projects (ICDPs) and respective Agro-Environmental Measures (AEMs) promoted for deforestation mitigation, in Northwest Mato Grosso (NW MT). The study evaluates ecological, economic and institutional variables as vectors for land use decisions on deforestation on family farms in agrarian reform settlements, on lots of between 50-100 hectares. The region is a forest frontier comparable in size to Panama, and exhibits the highest deforestation rates in the Amazon, despite having experienced a broad range of initiatives aimed at halting deforestation and biodiversity loss over the past 15 years. The study is based on a sample of farmers in three municipalities (Juína, Juruena, Cotriguaçú) with varying exposure to ICDPs between 1995 and 2010. We performed an ex post analysis of ICDP impacts by assessing: (a) biophysical indicators of land use, carbon stocks, and tree biodiversity in forest and agroforestry plots; (b) the distribution and magnitude of economic gains leading to permanence of the ecological impacts; and (c) the institutional design and social-political context behind the cases, assessed through farmer interviews considering perceptions on institutions and governance. We identify opportunities for introducing sustainable land use practices and the need for a more systemic approach to project evaluation arising from ICDP experience. Environmental licensing and alternative, sustainable forest products marketing outcomes supportive to local livelihoods were achieved by integrating social organization with material and institutional infrastructure. As results indicate, even in a landscape subject to adverse political economic conditions, the support for an integrated set of instruments over longer temporal scales and at finer spatial scales can be effective routes for forest and biodiversity conservation as well as economic and institutional improvements. These achievements may also lead the way toward effective application of other conservation-oriented economic instruments.
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Tesis (Mag. Sc. en Manejo y Conservación de Bosques Tropicales y Biodiversidad.) -- CATIE. Escuela de Posgrado. Turrialba (Costa Rica), 2013.

Bibliografía páginas 90-93

This case study, located within the Brazilian Amazon “Arc of Deforestation” examines the effectiveness of a sequence of Integrated Development and Conservation projects (ICDPs) and respective Agro-Environmental Measures (AEMs) promoted for
deforestation mitigation, in Northwest Mato Grosso (NW MT). The study evaluates ecological, economic and institutional variables as vectors for land use decisions on deforestation on family farms in agrarian reform settlements, on lots of between 50-100 hectares. The region is a forest frontier comparable in size to Panama, and exhibits the highest deforestation rates in the Amazon, despite having experienced a broad range of
initiatives aimed at halting deforestation and biodiversity loss over the past 15 years. The study is based on a sample of farmers in three municipalities (Juína, Juruena, Cotriguaçú)
with varying exposure to ICDPs between 1995 and 2010. We performed an ex post analysis of ICDP impacts by assessing: (a) biophysical indicators of land use, carbon stocks, and tree
biodiversity in forest and agroforestry plots; (b) the distribution and magnitude of economic gains leading to permanence of the ecological impacts; and (c) the institutional design and
social-political context behind the cases, assessed through farmer interviews considering perceptions on institutions and governance. We identify opportunities for introducing
sustainable land use practices and the need for a more systemic approach to project evaluation arising from ICDP experience. Environmental licensing and alternative,
sustainable forest products marketing outcomes supportive to local livelihoods were achieved by integrating social organization with material and institutional infrastructure. As results
indicate, even in a landscape subject to adverse political economic conditions, the support for an integrated set of instruments over longer temporal scales and at finer spatial scales can be effective routes for forest and biodiversity conservation as well as economic and institutional
improvements. These achievements may also lead the way toward effective application of other conservation-oriented economic instruments.

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