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Cacao-coconut intercropping in Ghana: agronomic and economic perspectives

by Osei-Bonsu, K; Opoku-Ameyaw, F.M; Amoah, F.M; Oppong, F.K.
Publisher: 2002ISSN: 0167-4366.Subject(s): GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM | COCOS NUCIFERA | THEOBROMA CACAO | CULTIVO INTERCALADO | SOMBRA | AGROFORESTERIA | SISTEMAS DE CULTIVO | RENTABILIDAD | SOSTENIBILIDAD | RENTA | PLANTAS DE SOMBRA | GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM | COCOS NUCIFERA | THEOBROMA CACAO | INTERCROPPING | SHADE | AGROFORESTRY | CROPPING SYSTEMS | PROFITABILITY | SUSTAINABILITY | INCOME | SHADE PLANTS | GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM | COCOS NUCIFERA | THEOBROMA CACAO | CULTURE INTERCALAIRE | OMBRE | AGROFORESTERIE | SYSTEME DE CULTURE | RENTABILITE | DURABILITE | REVENU | PLANTE D'OMBRAGE | INTERCROPPING SYSTEMS | SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT | STAND DENSITIES | GROWTH PARAMETERS | COMPETITION | YIELD PERFORMANCEOnline Resources: En In: Agroforestry Systems (Países Bajos) v. 55 p.1-8Summary: In Ghana, shade for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) is becoming a critical issue because of extensive deforestation. Unlike in some other cacao-growing countries, cacao is not grown under the shade of coconut (Cocos nucifera) in Ghana. An experiment to compare the merits of four cacao-coconut intercropping systems with the traditional cultivation of cacao under Gliricidia sepium shade was undertaken at the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana. Cacao seedling girth was not affected when intercropping with coconut but was significantly (P=0.01) reduced when intercropped with G. sepium. Moisture stress was the greatest in cacao system with G. sepium shade and this coul be responsible for the low yield of cacao in that treatment. It is suggested that properly arranged high density cacao under widely spaced coconuts can be a profitable intercrop system for adoption by cacao farmers in Ghana
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In Ghana, shade for cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) is becoming a critical issue because of extensive deforestation. Unlike in some other cacao-growing countries, cacao is not grown under the shade of coconut (Cocos nucifera) in Ghana. An experiment to compare the merits of four cacao-coconut intercropping systems with the traditional cultivation of cacao under Gliricidia sepium shade was undertaken at the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana. Cacao seedling girth was not affected when intercropping with coconut but was significantly (P=0.01) reduced when intercropped with G. sepium. Moisture stress was the greatest in cacao system with G. sepium shade and this coul be responsible for the low yield of cacao in that treatment. It is suggested that properly arranged high density cacao under widely spaced coconuts can be a profitable intercrop system for adoption by cacao farmers in Ghana

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