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Desarrollo y medio ambiente en México; diagnóstico, 1990

by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, México, DF (México).
Series: Fundación Universo Veintiuno (México).Publisher: México, DF (México) Fundación Universo Veintiuno 1990Description: 165 p.ISBN: 9686303006.Subject(s): MEDIO AMBIENTE | PROTECCION AMBIENTAL | DINAMICA DE LA POBLACION | POLUCION | POLUCION DEL AIRE | POLUCION DEL AGUA | POLUCION DEL SUELO | FAUNA SILVESTRE | AREAS SILVESTRES PROTEGIDAS | LEGISLACION | CONTROL DE LA CONTAMINACION | POLITICA DE DESARROLLO | POLITICA AMBIENTAL | MEXICO | ENVIRONMENT | ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION | POLLUTION | AIR POLLUTION | WATER POLLUTION | SOIL POLLUTION | LEGISLATION | POLLUTION CONTROL | DEVELOPMENT POLICIES | ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES | MEXICO | ENVIRONNEMENT | PROTECTION DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT | POLLUTION | POLLUTION ATMOSPHERIQUE | POLLUTION DE L'EAU | POLLUTION DU SOL | LEGISLATION | LUTTE ANTIPOLLUTION | POLITIQUE DE DEVELOPPEMENT | POLITIQUE DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT | MEXIQUE In: Summary: Over the past 50 years, Mexico has followed a policy of accelerated industrialization. This policy, combined with explosive population growth, has brought a host of environmental problems: resource depletion; air, water, and soil pollution; destruction of forests and other ecosystems; and rampant urbanization. This report, the last in a series of nine reports on natural resources and the environment in Mexico, synthesizes the findings and suggestions of its predecessors. Chapter 1 discusses population growth rates and the effects of industrialization and urbanization. Chapter 2 addresses the impacts of pollution resulting from industrial activity and urban concentration, and the stress thus placed on the country's health systems. Chapters 3,4, and 5 focus, respectively, on air, water, and soil contamination. Metropolitan areas, especially Mexico City, are notorious for their unhealthy levels of pollution; atmospheric monitoring and solid waste disposal are primary concerns. Chapter 6 discusses the country's flora, fauna, and protected areas - which, though nominally protected, are widely used for agriculture and experience continual human intrusion. Chapter 7 discusses land use in rural areas, while chapter 8 discusses legislation governing the use of natural resources, as well as legislation aimed at reducing environmental pollution. Finally, Chapter 9 reiterates the importance of environmental concerns, gives broad suggestions for incoporating environmental policy into the development process, and discusses some specific concerns: conservation, industrial activity, and urban growth. Science alone, it is concluded, cannot reverse current trends; society must change its attitudes and behavior. A annex contains an illustrative plan for sustainable development.
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Over the past 50 years, Mexico has followed a policy of accelerated industrialization. This policy, combined with explosive population growth, has brought a host of environmental problems: resource depletion; air, water, and soil pollution; destruction of forests and other ecosystems; and rampant urbanization. This report, the last in a series of nine reports on natural resources and the environment in Mexico, synthesizes the findings and suggestions of its predecessors. Chapter 1 discusses population growth rates and the effects of industrialization and urbanization. Chapter 2 addresses the impacts of pollution resulting from industrial activity and urban concentration, and the stress thus placed on the country's health systems. Chapters 3,4, and 5 focus, respectively, on air, water, and soil contamination. Metropolitan areas, especially Mexico City, are notorious for their unhealthy levels of pollution; atmospheric monitoring and solid waste disposal are primary concerns. Chapter 6 discusses the country's flora, fauna, and protected areas - which, though nominally protected, are widely used for agriculture and experience continual human intrusion. Chapter 7 discusses land use in rural areas, while chapter 8 discusses legislation governing the use of natural resources, as well as legislation aimed at reducing environmental pollution. Finally, Chapter 9 reiterates the importance of environmental concerns, gives broad suggestions for incoporating environmental policy into the development process, and discusses some specific concerns: conservation, industrial activity, and urban growth. Science alone, it is concluded, cannot reverse current trends; society must change its attitudes and behavior. A annex contains an illustrative plan for sustainable development.

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