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Hopper (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha) diversity in shaded coffee systems of Turrialba, Costa Rica

by Rojas, L; Godoy, C; Hanson, P; Kleinn, C; Hilje, L.
Publisher: 2001ISSN: 0167-4366.Subject(s): AUCHENORRHYNCHA | COFFEA ARABICA | SOMBRA | PLANTAS DE SOMBRA | ERYTHRINA POEPPIGIANA | CORDIA ALLIODORA | PLAGAS DE PLANTAS | GRAPHOCEPHALA | FUSIGUNALIA LATIVITTATA | HEBRALEBRA NICARAGUENSIS | CONTROL DE PLAGAS | COSTA RICA | AUCHENORRHYNCHA | COFFEA ARABICA | SHADE | SHADE PLANTS | ERYTHRINA POEPPIGIANA | CORDIA ALLIODORA | PESTS OF PLANTS | GRAPHOCEPHALA | PEST CONTROL | COSTA RICA | AUCHENORRHYNCHA | COFFEA ARABICA | OMBRE | PLANTE D'OMBRAGE | ERYTHRINA POEPPIGIANA | CORDIA ALLIODORA | RAVAGEUR DES PLANTES | GRAPHOCEPHALA | LUTTE ANTIRAVAGEUR | COSTA RICA In: Agroforestry Systems (Países Bajos) v. 53(1) p. 171-177Summary: Diversity of hopper species (suborder Auchenorryncha) in coffee (Coffea arabica) plantations with no shade (C) was compared with the diversity in plantations with shade of either poró (Erythrina poeppigiana (CP) or poró plus laurel (Cordia alliodora) (CPL) in Turrialba, Costa Rica. Species-abundance and rarefaction curves were plotted for each system, and indices of diversity (Shannon-Wiener), dominance (Simpson), species evenness, and similarity (Jaccard) were calculated. The majority of hopper species and individuals belonged to the Cicadellidae family. A particular species dominated in each system: Graphocephala sp. (C), Fusigonalia lativittata (CP) and Hebralebra nicaraguensis (CPL). The richness and diversity of hopper species were highest in the CP system, followed by the CPL and C systems. Species similarity was closest between the CP and CPL systems, but varied considerably according to plant component and geographic location of each plot. Even though hoppers have not been reported as coffee pests in Mesoamerica, some of them cause serious problems elsewhere.
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Diversity of hopper species (suborder Auchenorryncha) in coffee (Coffea arabica) plantations with no shade (C) was compared with the diversity in plantations with shade of either poró (Erythrina poeppigiana (CP) or poró plus laurel (Cordia alliodora) (CPL) in Turrialba, Costa Rica. Species-abundance and rarefaction curves were plotted for each system, and indices of diversity (Shannon-Wiener), dominance (Simpson), species evenness, and similarity (Jaccard) were calculated. The majority of hopper species and individuals belonged to the Cicadellidae family. A particular species dominated in each system: Graphocephala sp. (C), Fusigonalia lativittata (CP) and Hebralebra nicaraguensis (CPL). The richness and diversity of hopper species were highest in the CP system, followed by the CPL and C systems. Species similarity was closest between the CP and CPL systems, but varied considerably according to plant component and geographic location of each plot. Even though hoppers have not been reported as coffee pests in Mesoamerica, some of them cause serious problems elsewhere.

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