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Rearing techniques, biology and sterilization of the coffee leaf miner, Leucoptera coffeella Guer. (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) Proceedings

by Katiyar, K.P; Ferrer, F; International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Symposium on the use of Isotopes and Radiation in Entomology Vienna (Austria) 1967.
Publisher: Vienna (Austria) 1968Description: p. 165-175.Subject(s): PLAGAS | INSECTOS DAÑINOS | CONTROL DE INSECTOS | BIOLOGIA DE INSECTOS | ESTERILIZACION | RADIACION GAMMA | REPRODUCCION | LEUCOPTERA COFFEELLA | PESTS | INSECT CONTROL | STERILIZING | GAMMA RADIATION | REPRODUCTION | ORGANISME NUISIBLE | LUTTE ANTIINSECTE | STERILISATION (GERMES) | RAYONNEMENT GAMMA | REPRODUCTIONSummary: Leucoptera coffeella Guer. (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). For two years the authors studied the feasibility of controlling the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella Guer. by the radiation sterilization technique. During this period a technique for raising large numbers of this insect on potted coffee plants in the laboratory was devised. The optimal range for the development of egg, larval and pupal stages of the coffee leaf miner was between 20 and 30 C. The pupal stage of female insects was slightly shorter than that of the male. The laying of fertile eggs began during the first night following emergence. During an oviposition period of 16 days the average fecundity was 68 eggs. The maximum oviposition by a single female was 131 eggs over the life span while as many as 34 eggs were laid during a single day of oviposition. To investigate the best stage to induce radiation sterilization, pupal and adult insects were irradiated with 60Co gamma rays. Seven-day pupae (close to emergence) showed 88 lethality in males when given 60 krad; the survivors retained some fertility. Adult females receiving 70 krad were 100 sterile while males given 90 krad showed 0.02 fertility. Doses as high as 90 krad given to newly emerged adults did not reduce longevity. Studies are continuing to determine if sterilizing doses impair sexual vigour and mating competitiveness of the treated males
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Ilus. Dat. num. 9 ref. Sum. (En)

Leucoptera coffeella Guer. (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). For two years the authors studied the feasibility of controlling the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella Guer. by the radiation sterilization technique. During this period a technique for raising large numbers of this insect on potted coffee plants in the laboratory was devised. The optimal range for the development of egg, larval and pupal stages of the coffee leaf miner was between 20 and 30 C. The pupal stage of female insects was slightly shorter than that of the male. The laying of fertile eggs began during the first night following emergence. During an oviposition period of 16 days the average fecundity was 68 eggs. The maximum oviposition by a single female was 131 eggs over the life span while as many as 34 eggs were laid during a single day of oviposition. To investigate the best stage to induce radiation sterilization, pupal and adult insects were irradiated with 60Co gamma rays. Seven-day pupae (close to emergence) showed 88 lethality in males when given 60 krad; the survivors retained some fertility. Adult females receiving 70 krad were 100 sterile while males given 90 krad showed 0.02 fertility. Doses as high as 90 krad given to newly emerged adults did not reduce longevity. Studies are continuing to determine if sterilizing doses impair sexual vigour and mating competitiveness of the treated males

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