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[Manejo de plantaciones de cacao bajo de la sombra de gliricidia]

by Glover, N; Brewbaker, J.L. eds; Seibert, B; Withington, D; Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association, Hawaii (EUA); Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza, Turrialba (Costa Rica); Workshop Gliricidia Sepium (Jacq.) Walp.: Management and Improvement Turrialba (Costa Rica) 21-27 Jun 1987.
Series: Special Publication - Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association (EUA).Publisher: Turrialba (Costa Rica) 1987Description: p. 102-110.Other Title: Management of plantation cocoa under gliricidia; Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp: management and improvement.Subject(s): THEOBROMA CACAO | SOMBRA | GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM | LIMPIEZA | PODA | CUBIERTA DE COPAS | DOSIS DE APLICACION | CONTROL DE PLAGAS | RENDIMIENTO | BIOMASA | ROMPEVIENTO | PLANTAS DE SOMBRA | LEGUMINOSAE | CULTIVO INTERCALADO | AGROFORESTERIA | THEOBROMA CACAO | SHADE | GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM | CLEANING | PRUNING | CANOPY | APPLICATION RATES | PEST CONTROL | YIELDS | BIOMASS | WINDBREAKS | SHADE PLANTS | LEGUMINOSAE | INTERCROPPING | AGROFORESTRY | THEOBROMA CACAO | OMBRE | GLIRICIDIA SEPIUM | NETTOYAGE | TAILLE | COUVERT | DOSE D'APPLICATION | LUTTE ANTIRAVAGEUR | RENDEMENT | BIOMASSE | BRISE-VENT | PLANTE D'OMBRAGE | LEGUMINOSAE | CULTURE INTERCALAIRE | AGROFORESTERIE | ESTABLECIMIENTO DE PLANTACIONES | REMOCION | CULTIVO BAJO SOMBRA | PLANTATION ESTABLISHMENT | REMOVAL In: Summary: HASFARM is one of the biggest plantation, enterprises in Indonesia. Its cocoa plantation in Jahab, East Kalimantan, started in 1978 with the establishment of seed orchards and basic facilities, and started large plantations after the 1982/83 drought in East Kalimantan. Scheduled for ana area of 12,000 ha of cocoa, the plantation is already now the largest contiguous cocoa plantation worldwide, covering and area of about 5000 ha. The entire plantation is established under G. sepium shade. Several timing schemes for establishment, land clearing methods and pruning intensities have been practiced. Under the given climate and radiation conditions the removal of 80 to 90 percent of the G. sepium trees is regarded as necessary as soon as the cocoa canopy is closed and the cocoa starts producing. A box design for lateral shade and protection from wind is left, with twin rows of G. sepium, 40-60 m apart. Implications for fertilizer input, pest control, and cocoa yield are discussed. Total above ground biomass of G. sepium at the time of shade removal is given.
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HASFARM is one of the biggest plantation, enterprises in Indonesia. Its cocoa plantation in Jahab, East Kalimantan, started in 1978 with the establishment of seed orchards and basic facilities, and started large plantations after the 1982/83 drought in East Kalimantan. Scheduled for ana area of 12,000 ha of cocoa, the plantation is already now the largest contiguous cocoa plantation worldwide, covering and area of about 5000 ha. The entire plantation is established under G. sepium shade. Several timing schemes for establishment, land clearing methods and pruning intensities have been practiced. Under the given climate and radiation conditions the removal of 80 to 90 percent of the G. sepium trees is regarded as necessary as soon as the cocoa canopy is closed and the cocoa starts producing. A box design for lateral shade and protection from wind is left, with twin rows of G. sepium, 40-60 m apart. Implications for fertilizer input, pest control, and cocoa yield are discussed. Total above ground biomass of G. sepium at the time of shade removal is given.

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