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Growth and yield of a tropical rain forest in the Brazilian Amazon 13 years after logging

by Silva, J.N.M; Carvalho, J.O.P. de; Lopes, J. do C.A; Almeida, B.F. de; Costa, D.H.M; Oliveira, L.C. de; Vanclay, J.K; Skovsgaard, J.P.
Publisher: 1995ISSN: 0378-1127.Subject(s): CRECIMIENTO | DIAMETRO | VOLUMEN | MORTALIDAD | ESTRUCTURA DEL BOSQUE | BOSQUE TROPICAL HUMEDO | AMAZONIA | BRASIL | GROWTH | DIAMETER | VOLUME | MORTALITY | TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS | AMAZONIA | BRAZIL | CROISSANCE | DIAMETRE | VOLUME | MORTALITE | FORET TROPICALE HUMIDE | AMAZONIE | BRESIL In: Forest Ecology and Management (Países Bajos) v. 71(3) p. 267-274Summary: Successive inventories of a silvicultural experiment in terra firme rain forest within the Tapajos National Forest in the Brazilian Amazon are examined to provide guidelines for operational forest management on a sustainable basis. The experiment was logged in 1979 without additional silvicultural treatment, but included protection from further logging and encroachment ("log and leave"). Thirty-six permanent plots established in 1981 were remeasured in 1987 and 1992. Logging changed the canopy structure and altered the composition of the stand, reducing the number of shade tolerant species and stimulating light demanding species. There was a net increase in stem number and stand basal area during the 11 year observation period, and this trend also holds for most of the individual species. The stand basal area 13 years after logging was about 75 percent of that in a comparable unlogged forest. Logging stimulated growth, but this effect was short-lived, lasting only about 3 years, and current growth rates are similar to those in the unlogged forest. Between the first and second remeasures, average diameter increment decreased from 0.4 to 0.2 cm year exponent-1, mortality remained relatively constant at 2.5 percent year exponent-1, while recruitment (at 5 cm diameter at breast height) decreased from 5 to 2 percent. Total volume production declined from approximately 6 to 4 m3 ha exponent-1 year exponent-1, while commercial production remained about 0.8 m3 ha exponent-1 year exponent-1. New commercial species increased the commercial volume in 1992 from 18 to 54 m3 ha exponent-1, and the increment to 1.8 m3 ha exponent-1 year exponent-1. Results from this experiment provide the first quantitative information for management planning in the Tapajos Forest, and may guide the choice of cutting cycle and annual allowable cut. Silvicultural treatment to stimulate growth rates in forest areas zoned for timber production should be considered as a viable management option. Extrapolations of these results to an anticipated 30-35 year cutting cycle must be interpreted with caution. Ongoing remeasurement and analysis of these and other plots over the next 30 years or more are necessary to provide a stronger basis for management inferences.
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Successive inventories of a silvicultural experiment in terra firme rain forest within the Tapajos National Forest in the Brazilian Amazon are examined to provide guidelines for operational forest management on a sustainable basis. The experiment was logged in 1979 without additional silvicultural treatment, but included protection from further logging and encroachment ("log and leave"). Thirty-six permanent plots established in 1981 were remeasured in 1987 and 1992. Logging changed the canopy structure and altered the composition of the stand, reducing the number of shade tolerant species and stimulating light demanding species. There was a net increase in stem number and stand basal area during the 11 year observation period, and this trend also holds for most of the individual species. The stand basal area 13 years after logging was about 75 percent of that in a comparable unlogged forest. Logging stimulated growth, but this effect was short-lived, lasting only about 3 years, and current growth rates are similar to those in the unlogged forest. Between the first and second remeasures, average diameter increment decreased from 0.4 to 0.2 cm year exponent-1, mortality remained relatively constant at 2.5 percent year exponent-1, while recruitment (at 5 cm diameter at breast height) decreased from 5 to 2 percent. Total volume production declined from approximately 6 to 4 m3 ha exponent-1 year exponent-1, while commercial production remained about 0.8 m3 ha exponent-1 year exponent-1. New commercial species increased the commercial volume in 1992 from 18 to 54 m3 ha exponent-1, and the increment to 1.8 m3 ha exponent-1 year exponent-1. Results from this experiment provide the first quantitative information for management planning in the Tapajos Forest, and may guide the choice of cutting cycle and annual allowable cut. Silvicultural treatment to stimulate growth rates in forest areas zoned for timber production should be considered as a viable management option. Extrapolations of these results to an anticipated 30-35 year cutting cycle must be interpreted with caution. Ongoing remeasurement and analysis of these and other plots over the next 30 years or more are necessary to provide a stronger basis for management inferences.

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