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Agroforestry in Central America Agroforestry. Proceedings of a seminar held in CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, 23 February-3 March, 1981

by Lagemann, J. eds; Budowski, G; Heuveldop, J; CATIE, Turrialba (Costa Rica); GTZ, Eschborn (Alemania); German Foundation for International Development, Feldafing (Alemania); Agroforestry Seminar Turrialba (Costa Rica) 23 Feb - 3 Mar 1981.
Publisher: Turrialba (Costa Rica) 1983Description: p. 13-21.Subject(s): AGROFORESTERIA | ARBOLES DE SOMBRA | SISTEMAS SILVOPASTORILES | SISTEMA TAUNGYA | CERCAS VIVAS | ARBOLES DE USO MULTIPLE | AMERICA CENTRAL | AGROFORESTRY | SHADE TREES | MULTIPLE USE TREES | CENTRAL AMERICA | AGROFORESTERIE | ARBRE D'OMBRAGE | ARBRE A USAGES MULTIPLES | AMERIQUE CENTRALESummary: Four broad categories of forest management in Central America and some countries of the Caribbean, namely for protection, wood production, a combination of agriculture and forestry (agro-forestry), and multiple use, are analyzed as to their present and potential impact on local populations living within or near the forest. Many problems resulting from past and present massive deforestation and lack of management negatively affect local populations. In the light of experience from the region, it appears that large reforestation schemes on land that has been degraded would provide interesting opportunities for stable forest communities in the light of the shortage of forest products and the need to control erosion. Capitalizing on present widespread agroforestry practices appears to be particularly promising in some areas, but a better understanding of the biological and social characteristics of some of the present systems is required to launch successful improvement programmes. Some examples of multiple uses are also described, notably, the use of a national forest for recreation and the establishment of a Biosphere Reserve where the rights and customs of local populations are safeguarded.
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18 ref. Sum. (En). También publicado en español.

Four broad categories of forest management in Central America and some countries of the Caribbean, namely for protection, wood production, a combination of agriculture and forestry (agro-forestry), and multiple use, are analyzed as to their present and potential impact on local populations living within or near the forest. Many problems resulting from past and present massive deforestation and lack of management negatively affect local populations. In the light of experience from the region, it appears that large reforestation schemes on land that has been degraded would provide interesting opportunities for stable forest communities in the light of the shortage of forest products and the need to control erosion. Capitalizing on present widespread agroforestry practices appears to be particularly promising in some areas, but a better understanding of the biological and social characteristics of some of the present systems is required to launch successful improvement programmes. Some examples of multiple uses are also described, notably, the use of a national forest for recreation and the establishment of a Biosphere Reserve where the rights and customs of local populations are safeguarded.

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