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A study of tree crop farming systems in the lowland humid tropics

by WATSON, G.A; World Bank, Washington, DC (EUA).
Series: Technical Note. Agriculture and Rural Development.Publisher: Washington, DC (EUA), 1980 Description: v.2, 108p.Subject(s): SISTEMAS AGRICOLAS | SISTEMA TAUNGYA | CERO-LABRANZA | COFFEA | HEVEA | THEOBROMA | BACTRIS | MALASIA | TURRIALBA | INDONESIA | COSTA RICA | GUATEMALA | BRASIL | CAMERUM | NIGERIA | COSTA DE MARFIL | SRI LANKA | ZERO TILLAGE | COFFEA | HEVEA | THEOBROMA | BACTRIS | MALAYSIA | INDONESIA | COSTA RICA | GUATEMALA | BRAZIL | NIGERIA | IVORY COAST | SRI LANKA | NON TRAVAIL DU SOL | COFFEA | HEVEA | THEOBROMA | BACTRIS | MALAISIE | INDONESIE | COSTA RICA | GUATEMALA | BRESIL | NIGERIA | SRI LANKA In: Summary: This Note presents a review of the current technical situation regarding tree crop farming systems of the humid tropics. Based on a tour of countries in Asia, West Africa and Latin America, the Note considers policies and trends in the cultivation of rubber, oil palm, coconut, cocoa and coffee, together with subsidiary food crops, in the three main farming sub-sector: the large industrial plantation, the land development schemes with smallholder participation, and the individual smallholders. The first is concerned almost exclusively with monoculture regimes; the development schemes may incorporate some element of multiple cropping; while the smallholder sector exhibits a wide variety of cropping systems. There are major differences between the regions, with Latin America at a much earlier stage than Asia and West Africa. Productivity of the major commodity crops is being continually enhanced by adoption of new techniques and planting systems, and new emphasis is being given to indigenous food tree species. The Note is confined to technical aspects and does not consider socio-economic factors in any detail, the primary objective being to establish a data base of technical material for use during preparation of tree crop. The Note presents a general Review and Recommendations, supported by detailed reports on the countries visited, suggestions on tree crop system models, and by a Manual giving basic characteristics of the various crop species
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This Note presents a review of the current technical situation regarding tree crop farming systems of the humid tropics. Based on a tour of countries in Asia, West Africa and Latin America, the Note considers policies and trends in the cultivation of rubber, oil palm, coconut, cocoa and coffee, together with subsidiary food crops, in the three main farming sub-sector: the large industrial plantation, the land development schemes with smallholder participation, and the individual smallholders. The first is concerned almost exclusively with monoculture regimes; the development schemes may incorporate some element of multiple cropping; while the smallholder sector exhibits a wide variety of cropping systems. There are major differences between the regions, with Latin America at a much earlier stage than Asia and West Africa. Productivity of the major commodity crops is being continually enhanced by adoption of new techniques and planting systems, and new emphasis is being given to indigenous food tree species. The Note is confined to technical aspects and does not consider socio-economic factors in any detail, the primary objective being to establish a data base of technical material for use during preparation of tree crop. The Note presents a general Review and Recommendations, supported by detailed reports on the countries visited, suggestions on tree crop system models, and by a Manual giving basic characteristics of the various crop species

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