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Management of tropical dry forest; the case of Central America, with particular reference to Nicaragua

by Sabogal, C; CATIE, Turrialba (Costa Rica).
Publisher: Turrialba (Costa Rica) 1991Description: 33 p.Subject(s): MANEJO FORESTAL | BOSQUE HUMEDO | BOSQUE NATURAL | REGENERACION NATURAL | UTILIZACION FORESTAL | NICARAGUA | RAIN FORESTS | NATURAL REGENERATION | NICARAGUA | FORET HUMIDE | REGENERATION NATURELLE | NICARAGUASummary: This paper focuses on the management potential of the natural forest vegetation in the tropical dry zones of Central America, and specifically in Nicaragua. First, distribution and status of dry forest formations is briefly reviewed. Two cases from the Pacific coast of Nicaragua are then presented to illustrate the disturbance by traditional utilization and practices. Forest stand inventories and local surveys carried out show, however, relatively high potentials for natural forest management, with many of the tree species having some economic use. Natural forest management, together with conservation and reforestation, is viewed as one of the main management options for the tropical dry forest (TDF) areas in Central America. In spite of its importance, this options has, however, received little attention or promotion from the forestry (governmental) sector. Some relevant aspects that should be incorporated in the silvicultural and managerial approach are mentioned. Four complementary optons can be devised for silvicultural work in production forest: encouragement of advanced growth of desirable tree species, inducement of natural regeneration, coppice management, and enrichment or compensatory planting. These options constitute different strategies for rehabilitation of the forest production and conservation functions, and may well be combined in the same area.
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This paper focuses on the management potential of the natural forest vegetation in the tropical dry zones of Central America, and specifically in Nicaragua. First, distribution and status of dry forest formations is briefly reviewed. Two cases from the Pacific coast of Nicaragua are then presented to illustrate the disturbance by traditional utilization and practices. Forest stand inventories and local surveys carried out show, however, relatively high potentials for natural forest management, with many of the tree species having some economic use. Natural forest management, together with conservation and reforestation, is viewed as one of the main management options for the tropical dry forest (TDF) areas in Central America. In spite of its importance, this options has, however, received little attention or promotion from the forestry (governmental) sector. Some relevant aspects that should be incorporated in the silvicultural and managerial approach are mentioned. Four complementary optons can be devised for silvicultural work in production forest: encouragement of advanced growth of desirable tree species, inducement of natural regeneration, coppice management, and enrichment or compensatory planting. These options constitute different strategies for rehabilitation of the forest production and conservation functions, and may well be combined in the same area.

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