Kuzdas, Christopher

Sustainability appraisal of water governance regimes: the case of Guanacaste, Costa Rica - 18 páginas 3 ilustraciones, 5 tablas

48 referencias bibliográficas

Sustainability appraisals produce evidence for how well water governance regimes operate and where problems exist. This evidence is particularly relevant for regions that face water scarcity and conflicts. In this study, we present a criteria-based and participatory sustainability appraisal of water governance in a region with such characteristics—the dry tropics of NW Costa Rica. Data collection included 47 interviews and three stakeholder workshops. The appraisal was conducted through a collaborative and iterative process between researchers and
stakeholders. Out of the 25 sustainability criteria used,
seven posed a significant challenge for the governance
regime. We found challenges faced by the governance
regime primarily clustered around and were re-enforced by
failing coordination related to the use, management, and
protection of groundwater resources; and inadequate leadership
to identify collective goals and to constructively deliberate alternative ways of governing water with diverse groups. The appraisal yielded some positive impact in the study area, yet we found its application provided only
limited strategic information to support broader problemsolving
efforts. Insights from this study suggest key starting
points for sustainable water governance in the Central
American dry tropics, including investing in increasingly
influential collective organizations that are already active
in water governance; and leveraging policy windows that
can be used to build confidence and disperse more governing
authority to regional and local governing actors that
are in-tune with the challenges faced in the dry tropics. We
conclude the article with reflections on how to produce
research results that are actionable for sustainable water
governance.

DOI 10.1007/s00267-014-0292-0 http://hdl.handle.net/11554/8234


AGUA
GOBERNANCIA
ABASTECIMIENTO DE AGUA
SOSTENIBILIDAD
EVALUACION DEL IMPACTO AMBIENTAL
TROPICOS SECOS
CAMBIO CLIMATICO


GUANACASTE
COSTA RICA